Archive for February, 2020

ISLAM IN MOROCCO

Islam has been part of Morocco since around 670 AD when the Umayyads, under their general Uqba ibn Nafi, conquered most of the Maghreb, which includes modern Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria and Lybia. Following that conquest the indigenous Berber population slowly converted to Islam.

In 788 AD Idris I (Moulay Idris) is credited as founding the first Islamic dynasty in Morocco, the Idrisid dynasty (although it was not until the 11th century that the Almoravids created an empire that included almost all of modern Morocco and making the Maliki school of Islam predominate). From that time most of the region covering modern Morocco was ruled by Islamic dynasties (either Berber or Arab), despite Portuguese Christian incursions in the 16th century, other than the French and Spanish Christian protectorates of the early 20th century.

In the second half of the 7th century, the soldiers of the Prophet Mohammed set forth from the Arabian Peninsula and overwhelmed the peoples of North Africa. Within a century, nearly all Berber tribes had embraced Islam, although, true to form, local tribes developed their own brand of Islamic Shi’ism, which sparked rebellion against the eastern Arabs.

By 829, local elites had established an Idrissid state with its capital at FES, dominating all of Morocco. Thus commenced a cycle of rising and falling Islamic dynasties, which included the Almoravids (1062–1147), who built their capital at MARRAKECH ; the Almohads (1147–1269), famous for building the Koutoubia Mosque; the Merenids (1269–1465), known for their exquisite mosques and madrassas (Quranic schools), especially in FES the Saadians (1524–1659), responsible for the Palais el-Badi in MARRAKECH; and the Alawites (1659–present).

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Merzouga


In the southeast of Morocco, the city of Merzouga, which is nicknamed by tourists as “Bahr El Remal” and “Durrat Al-Maghribia Desert”, is 130 km from the city of Errachidia, which has vast sandy areas that visitors intend to cure rheumatic disease. 22 kilometers long and five kilometers wide, the opportunity to reflect on the change of sand colors according to the change in daylight, especially when squaring at the top of these dunes, which are the highest in Morocco, most of the people of Merzouga find their simplicity away from the hustle of contemporary life, especially thanks to traditional music and generosity Hospitality and other things that people inherited from their ancestors. 

When we talk about the history of the city and its inhabitants, we discover that the area was in the past uninhabited and constituted a transit point for merchants heading to Timbuktu in Mali or those coming from it, as well as belonging to a desert bloc called “Erg Chebbi”, with unique natural, ethnographic and historical characteristics, as well as It formed the arrival point for the desert trade caravans (gold-slave trade) that connected the Mediterranean basin to the countries of sub-Saharan Africa. Mentioned in writings Senior travelers such as Ibn Battuta and the African ion.

And the climate of Merzouga is hot and it is clear from the shape of the desert how difficult it is to live in, but it shows us a steadfast human experience over the centuries. In the summer, Merzouga, with a population of about 3000 people, is a shrine for a large number of tourists, and while mentioning the name of the bath is associated with water, Merzouka enables you to Bathing in the sand, if you suffer from joint disease, its nature is a tourist source in terms of hospital, exploratory, and sports tourism, all year round, so tourists flock to the village asking for recovery from various joint diseases, in the dunes hollow embraced by the temperatures and the heat of the sand.

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The Todra Gorge

The Todgha Gorges are a series of limestone river canyons, or wadi, in the eastern part of the High ATLAS MOUNTAINS in Morocco, near the town of tinerhir. Both the TODRA and neighbouring Dade river are responsible for carving out these deep cliff-sided canyons, on their final 40 kilometres (25 mi) through the mountains. The height of the canyon walls can vary, but in some places can be up to 400 metres (1,312 ft) high.

The last 600 metres (1,969 ft) of the Todgha gorge are the most spectacular. Here the canyon narrows to a flat stony track, in places as little as 10 metres (33 ft) wide, with sheer and smooth rock walls up to 160 metres (525 ft) high on each side. During the dry season, the canyon floor is mostly dry; at most there will be a small stream of water. During this time, the wadi floor is easily traversed by travelers

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Moroccan heaven

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COUSCOUS

There are a few myths around couscous. First, Moroccans don’t eat couscous everyday – not even close. Couscous is usually only eaten on Fridays. If you’re visiting that’s going to be the best day to eat it as many restaurants only serve it that day as well. Second, couscous is a dish separate from tajine. A tajine is a stew, cooked in an earthenware vessel. It has meat and/or vegetables and is eaten with bread. Couscous is cooked in a pot that looks like a double boiler but with a collandar on top. The semolina grains are triple steamed over a pot with boiling broth, vegetables and meat. It’s then arranged on a platter and eaten with spoons. But tajine and couscous are never put together (unlike many cooking shows and recipes may have you believe).

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The mzora stone circle

The site of the Mzora stone circle is 11 kilometers (7 miles) from the nearest town of Asilah and 27 kilometers (16.8 miles) from the overgrown ruins of the ancient Canaanite city Lixus. It is a difficult trek to reach the site and many people rely on the assistance of local guides to be able to find it at all. It is a hidden gem which has been largely overlooked by the historical record and most people only learn of its existence by chance when visiting the archaeological museum at Tetouan. It first became known in the west in 1830 AD, thousands of years after it was constructed. The appraisal revealed that the structure was not built independently of the European megaliths, but remarkably that it was either built by the same culture or is evidence of significant interaction between the two regions. This may seem obvious, but it is truly incredible when you consider the way of life of the people who were building these monuments.
Unlike tools and other technologies which could be taught and traded over long distances, the complex techniques needed to move such huge stones in this way would not have been easy to transmit and it is not a feat that would have been undertaken for no reason; so there must have been strong cultural links or a very important practical reason for constructing the circles.

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